An au pair is a woman or man who comes to the UK to study English language
and culture by living with an English-speaking family. The au pair receives
food, a room and a small amount of money in exchange for helping to look after
the children and assisting with housework (for a maximum of 5 hours a day, 5
days a week).
A demi au pair (or demi pair) is similar to an au pair but works
shorter hours (perhaps less than 3 hours per week) and is paid less.
An au pair plus works longer hours than an au pair (6 or 7 hours per
day) and is paid more (usually both parents in the family are working).
A holiday au pair usually works during the school sumer holidays (from
July to September) and goes on holiday with the family.
Most jobs are live in, meaning that you stay with your host family
(host mother and host father). Some jobs are live out.
If you responsible for looking after a child alone, this is known as having
sole charge over the child.
A nanny is a qualified child carer, responsible for looking after the
safety/development/education of a family's children. Most nannies have obtained
the CACHE (Council for Awards in Children's Care and Education: http://www.cache.org.uk)
diploma or the former NNEB (National Nursery Examination Board) certificate.
A nursery nurse is someone who has been trained to look after young children
(for more details, see the local government careers page: http://www.lgcareers.com/careers/profile.asp?74
or the website of the Professional Association of Nursery Nurses: http://www.pat.org.uk).
A childminder is somebody who works in her (or his) own home taking care
of other people's children. Such people have to be registered with OFSTED.
A babysitter is someone who takes care of a baby or child while the parents
are out, usually by going to their home.
A mother's help (or a parent's help) is a person (usually aged
16-20) who helps a parent with housekeeping and looking after the children.
A home help or housekeeper or domestic is someone who does
housework such as cleaning (the job does not involve looking after children).
A nursery school or kindergarten (also known as pre-school
in American English) is a school for children between the ages of 2 and 5.
A day nursery is a place where groups of young children are looked after
during the day, for example while their parents are working.
A primary school is a school for children between the ages of 5 and 11.